PGM - Portable Gray Map Image

What is a PGM file

PGM files are known as portable graymap files and contain grayscale image information. These files can be saved in two representations, either as plain (ASCII) text or binary. In which way the PGM is saved is apparent in the file header. If the header contains the string "P2" it is a text format, if it contains the string "P5", it's a binary representation. Binary PGM files can contain more than one image. This is not possible for the text-based PGM. It is limited to one image.

Portaple Gray Map Images can be encoded using either one byte or two bytes per pixel, representing either 8 or 16 bits. The file header contains different information such as the width and height of the image and the maximum number of black and white shades. The information is stored in a grit format, consisting of different numbers. These numbers represent the grayscale shades of the image, ranging from black (0) to white (65.536).

Here's a small, but not exhaustive list of programs that can open PGM documents:

  • ACD Systems ACDSee 18
  • ACD System Canvas 15
  • Adobe Photoshop with plug-in
  • Corel PaintShop Pro X8
  • GIMP
  • Inkscape
  • Netpbm
About
Extension PGM
MIME type image/x-portable-graymap, image/x-pgm
Useful links
Example Files
example.pgm
(3.40 MiB)