HTML, Hypertext Markup Language with a client-side image map (.html)

The HTML Website file format

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard for creating websites. The idea was proposed in 1989 by physicist Tim Berners-Lee at CERN. Web browsers can read this language to interpret the coding into different texts, colors, formats (headings, paragraphs, quotes, and other semantics), hyperlinks, and can insert images or audio using URL embedding. HTML allows interactivity due to what it can accomplish, but the user can only see the final product, not the coding, unless there was an error. Users can see the HTML coding by looking at the “View Source” tab on their browser. Some email programs allow the use of HTML to format the text of a document. HTML is related yet separated from XHTML.

Technical details of HTML files

HTML Elements (tags) are enclosed in the <> style of brackets and most have start and finish commands (ex: <head> and </head>) . Some are independent (such as <img>) and therefore have no start and end command. HTML 4 is readable by the common modern browsers and HTML 5 is developed to include new features. The new elements include: <video>, <audio>, and <canvas> as well as the ability to include SVG content. HTML can also work alongside JavaScript, CSS, and PHP. HTML sites are described semantically, defining HTML as a markup language instead of a programming language. HTML does not feature source tracking or fat links, and some elements available in early HTML are not accessible anymore.

More information about the HTML file format

File extension .html
File category Website
Example file Download example.html file (133.57 KiB)
Associated programs Internet Explorer
Mozilla Firefox
Google Chrome
Opera
Safari
Other internet browsers
Useful links Learn more about HTML
File conversion Convert a file to HTML
Developer World Wide Web Consortium & WHATWG
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